• Aditya Sharma

Diabetes- Types Of Diabetes And Its Prevention

Updated: Jan 6

Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the blood glucose also called blood sugar in your body is too high. These blood glucose are the main source of energy and comes from the food we eat. One of the major factor of diabetes is that when the pancreas in your body are no longer able to make insulin, or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin it produces, because of which glucose stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells.


This insulin which is the major factor of diabetes is a hormone made by the pancreas, that acts like a key to let glucose from the food we eat to pass from the blood stream into the cells of our body to produce energy. As our body not being able to produce insulin or use it effectively leads to high glucose levels in the blood (known as hyperglycaemia). This high glucose level is associated with the failure of the various body organs and tissues.


Types Of Diabetes


The most common four types of diabetes -


. Type 1

. Type 2

. Gestational Diabetes

. Pre Diabetes


. Type 1 Diabetes


Around 10% of all peoples suffering from diabetes have type 1 diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is caused due to the auto immune reaction where our body’s defence system attacks the cells that produce insulin. As a result of which, the body produces very little or no insulin. The exact cause of this Type 1 Diabetes are yet to known, but are mostly linked to a combination of genetic and environmental conditions.

Type 1 Diabetes can affect people of any age, but usually develops in young adults or children. People suffering with this Type 1 Diabetes need to take daily injections of insulin to control their blood glucose levels. As if people suffering with Type 1 Diabetes do not have access insulin, they will die.

Symptoms Of Type 1 Diabetes


The most common symptoms of the Type 1 Diabetes may include -


. Abnormal thirst and dry mouth

. Sudden weight loss

. Frequent urination

. Lack of energy, tiredness

. Constant hunger

. Blurred vision

. Bedwetting


Management Of Type 1 Diabetes


People suffering with Type 1 Diabetes require daily insulin treatment, regular blood glucose monitoring and a healthy lifestyle to manage their condition effectively.


. Type 2 Diabetes


Around 90% of all peoples suffering from diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes is more common in adult age group. Type 2 Diabetes is generally characterized as an insulin resistance, where your body does not fully respond to insulin. As insulin cannot work properly, due to which blood glucose levels keep rising, releasing more insulin.


Risk Factors


There are several risk factors associated with the type 2 diabetes and may include -


. Family history of diabetes

. Overweight

. Unhealthy diet

. Physical inactivity

. Increasing age

. High blood pressure

. Ethnicity

. Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)

. History of gestational diabetes

. Poor nutrition during pregnancy



Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes


The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are similar to those of the type 1 diabetes and may include -


. Excessive thirst and dry mouth

. Frequent urination

. Lack of energy, tiredness

. Slow healing wounds

. Recurrent infections in the skin

. Blurred vision


Management Of Type 2 Diabetes


People suffering from type 2 diabetes management is a healthy diet, increased physical activity and maintaining a healthy body weight. Oral medication and insulin are also frequently prescribed to help the control of blood glucose levels. The healthy lifestyle may include a healthy diet, regular physical activity and maintaining a healthy body weight.


. Gestational Diabetes


Gestational Diabetes (GDM) is a type of diabetes that may consist of high blood glucose during pregnancy and is associated with the complication of both mother and child. This diabetes usually disappears after the pregnancy but the women affected and their children are at the increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in their life.


. Pre Diabetes


Doctors may refer some people to have a pre diabetes or borderline diabetes. Pre Diabetes occurs when the blood sugar level in your body is higher than the normal, but it’s not so high for a diagnosis of the Type 2 Diabetes. The risk factors for pre diabetes and type 2 diabetes are similar.


. Risk Factors


There are several risk factors associated with the pre diabetes and may include -


. Being Overweight.

. Having a family history of diabetes.

. Having a high-density of lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level lower than 40 mg/dL or 50 mg/dL.

. History of high blood pressure.

. Having a gestational diabetes or giving birth to a child with a birth weight of more than 9 pounds.

. History of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

. Having a sedentary lifestyle.


So if a person has pre diabetes, then he is recommend to make the healthful changes in his/her lifestyle and diet. This can ideally stop the progression to type 2 diabetes. Losing weight and having a more healthful diet can often help him/her to prevent from the disease.



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