Diabetes - Early Symptoms Of Diabetes You Should Not Ignore
Updated: Jan 6
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose level, also called blood sugar in your body is too high. As blood glucose is the main source of energy and comes from the food you intake. Diabetes can be detected with the help of a simple blood test. It is essential for everyone to recognize the early signs of diabetes because it is a life threatening chronic disease. However, it can be managed especially if it is detected in the early stage.
The early symptoms of diabetes infection are –
. Excessive Thirst
Having too much sugar in your blood stream forces your kidneys to work harder at filtering the extra sugar from your body. Chronically high blood sugar levels can overload your kidneys and cause you to excrete the excess amount of sugar through urine. This can make you feel thirsty and dehydrated throughout the day as your body try to flush out the excess sugar in the blood when the insulin production in your body just won’t cut it. If you are feeling excessively thirsty and dehydrated throughout the day despite of drinking a lot of water, try to reduce your sugar intake or consult a diabetic doctor.
. Frequent Urination
Excessive thirst and frequent urination often go side-by-side when it comes to the signs of diabetes. If you notice that your bathroom trips are becoming more frequent, it could be that your kidneys are working double time to sift through and absorb the extra amount of sugar in your blood stream. As the excess amount of sugar in your bloodstream that can’t be filtered by your kidneys is flushed out with the urine. Urinating frequently all the day could indicate problems with the insulin resistance.
. Ongoing Fatigue
Diabetes often execute havoc on a person’s normal blood sugar level, causing fatigue. Basically diabetes contributes to fatigue in two ways. Firstly, dehydration in the body which can make you feel tired and sluggish and secondly diabetes interferes with the way your body uses glucose for energy. In later stages, the tissue death associated with the untreated diabetes which can limit the circulation of blood i.e. oxygenated blood isn’t being effectively transported to the vital organs of your body, making your body to work harder and tiring you out along the way.
. Slow Wound Healing
Diabetes may also cause the cuts, scrapes and other wound to heal more slowly. As the high blood sugar levels can lower your immunity to slow the body’s healing process. Many people who are suffering from diabetes also suffer from high blood pressure, which causes the blood vessels to narrow due to slow circulation, therefore wounds take longer time to heal.
. Vision Problems
Diabetes puts you at risk for many vision related problems due to the chronically high blood sugar level which can damage blood vessels, including those in the eyes. Blurred vision, cataracts, and glaucoma are just a few of the vision related problems caused due to diabetes. Blurry vision is often a symptom of diabetes which is caused due to high blood sugar level that may cause swelling in the lenses of your eye, distorting your eye sight in the process. So, if you are experiencing any of these vision problems, you must consult to a diabetes specialist right away to prevent and reduce your risk for vision loss and blindness. Fortunately, treating and reversing diabetes at early stage can help you to stabilize your blood sugar level and improve your vision.
. Mood Swings
Insulin is a type of hormone that is similar to estrogen, testosterone and hunger hormones – leptin and ghrelin. When your body stops producing or using insulin, your hormone levels get fluctuated causing mood swings, irritability and depression. Eating a healthier foods, lowering blood sugar level and receiving diabetes care can help you to regulate and address your mood swings.
. Number And Tingling In Your Extremities
Pins and needles sensation in your feet, toes, hands and fingers are most common signs of diabetes. People who are suffering from diabetes will often experience numbness and tingling in their extremities. This sensation can indicate diabetic neuropathy, which is a form of nerve damage caused by chronically high blood sugar level in the body. If these sensations are left untreated these severe cases of diabetic neuropathy can lead to amputation. So, if you are experiencing numbness and tingling in your extremities you must have to consult a diabetes doctor immediately.
. Food Cravings
Diabetes can trigger food cravings for many reasons in the human. For instance, depression and mood swings caused by the hormonal imbalance can reach you for comfort foods like sweets and junk food cravings. Additionally, insulin resistance can also lead you craving carbs and sweets that instantly spike your blood sugar level. So, if you are experiencing strong food cravings — especially for sweets — make an appointment with a diabetes specialist to undergo blood testing.
. Darkened Skin
The dark patches on your skin could be more serious than a blotchy tan. In fact, this is the first sign of diabetes. The darkening of the skin, which usually occurs on the hands and feet, in folds of skin, along the neck and in a person's groin and armpits, called acanthosis nigricans, often occurs when insulin levels are high. The high insulin levels in your blood can increase your body's production of skin cells, many of which have increased pigmentation, giving skin a darkened appearance.