Artificial Intelligence – Its Pros and Cons
Updated: Oct 27, 2021
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a wide-ranging branch of computer science that is concerned with the building of smart machines or devices that are adequate for performing tasks that customarily require human intelligence and the human brain. Artificial Intelligence is one of the emerging technologies which tries to replicate human reasoning in form of AI systems. In the year 1950, a scientist named John McCarthy invented Artificial Intelligence.
Pros of Artificial Intelligence
. Reduction in Human Error
The phrase “human error” was born because humans make so many mistakes from time to time. However, with the help of computers, these mistakes can be minimized if they are programmed properly. With AI, the decisions are taken from the previously gathered information applying a certain set of algorithms in terms of reduced errors and the chances of reaching accuracy with a greater degree of precision.
Example: In Weather Forecasting. By using AI in weather forecasting the majority of human error can be reduced.
. Takes Risks Instead of Humans
With the help of developing AI robots, many risky limitations of humans can be overcome which in turn can do risky things for us. May it be going to mars, defusing a bomb, exploring the deepest parts of oceans, mining for coal and oil, it can be used effectively with the help of Artificial Intelligence.
Example: With the help of AI Robots the effect of radiation during nuclear power explosion can be minimized. As we can eventually pour sand and boron from helicopters from a mere distance with the help of AI Robots.
. Available 24*7
As we all know that an average human can work for only 4–6 hours a day excluding the breaks. As humans are built in such a way to get some time out for refreshing themselves and making themselves ready to do some new work. But by using Artificial Intelligence we can make machines work 24x7 without any break and they do not even get bored, unlike humans.
Example: Educational Institutes and Helpline Centres are getting many queries and issues from different users which can be handled effectively by using AI.
. Helping in doing Repetitive Jobs
In our day-to-day work, we are performing many repetitive works such as sending a thanking mail, verifying certain documents for errors, and many more other things. So by using artificial intelligence we can productively automate these mundane tasks and can even remove these boring tasks of humans and free them up to be increasingly creative.
Example: In banks, we often see much verification of documents to get a loan which must be a repetitive task for the owner of the bank. So with the help of using Artificial Intelligence Cognitive Automation, the owner can speed up the process of verifying the documents by which both the customers and the owner will be benefited.
. Digital Assistance
Some of the highly advanced organizations use digital assistants’ devices that will interact with users which saves the need for human resources. Digital assistants are used on many websites to provide things that users want. Some chatbots are designed in such a way that it becomes hard to determine that we are chatting with a chatbot or a human being.
Example: We all know that many organizations have a customer support team that needs to clarify the doubts and queries of the customers. So, by using AI the organizations can set up a Voice Bot or ChatBot which can help customers with all types of their queries.
. Daily Applications
Daily applications such as Apple’s - Siri, Window’s - Cortana, and Google’s - OK Google are frequently used in our daily routine life whether it may be for searching a location, taking a selfie, making a phone call, or replying to an email.
Example: 20 years ago, when we are plan to go somewhere we used to ask a person who had already gone there for directions. But now we have to do is to say “OK Google where is Visakhapatnam”. It will show you Visakhapatnam’s location on Google map and the best path that you can travel to reach Visakhapatnam.
Cons of Artificial Intelligence
. High Costs of Creation
As Artificial Intelligence is updating day-by-day. So we need to update the hardware and software need from time to time to meet the latest requirements. So, in order to meet the latest requirement, the machines need repairing and maintenance which need plenty of costs. As its creation requires huge costs as these are very complex machines.
. Making Humans Lazy
Applications automating with the help of Artificial Intelligence help humans to do the majority of their work. But this in turn makes humans a bit lazy as humans tend to get addicted to these types of inventions which can cause a huge problem for future generations.
Artificial Intelligence is replacing the majority of repetitive tasks and other works with robots. So, human interference is becoming less which will cause a major problem in the employment standards. As every organization is looking to replace the minimum qualified individuals with Artificial Intelligence robots that can do similar work with more efficiency and in minimum time.
. Artificial Intelligence Can Be Programmed To Do Something Very Devastating
Autonomous weapons are artificial intelligence systems that are programmed to kill someone. So, if these autonomous weapons come in the hands of the wrong person, these weapons could easily cause mass casualties. Moreover, an Artificial Intelligence arms race could inadvertently lead to an Artificial Intelligence war that may result in mass casualties. So in order to avoid being thwarted by the enemy, these weapons would be designed to be extremely difficult.
So, in conclusion, I would say that every coin has two faces so as AI. So, we as humans need to take care of the negative effect of AI and use the positive sides for the invention to create a better world.